Water will always remain a crucial part of our life. Apart from food and clothing, water is more than just a primary need, it is the main reason for our survival. We can survive without food for days but not without water. Hence, being an integral part of life, it is very important to focus on the quality of water.
It is because of day by day increment of water-borne diseases, tap water might not be safe to drink. Hence you need a water purifier system for home. You can also set up the whole house water filter system under sink. But, before installing any kind of drinking water filter system, make sure you select the right one for you.
So, to help you out in selecting the best water filtering system for your home, we have prepared a complete detailed guide which will solve all your doubts.
Types of Water Filtering Systems
Before we understand different types of water filters, we need to understand the types of water filtering systems first. The water filtering system in homes is basically divided into two categories: the point of the entry system and the point of the use system. Here are different systems or methods of water filtering system:
1. Activated carbon filter
Water filtering such as faucet mounts, under-sink units and point of entry systems use this type of water filtering system. In this system, the carbon removes the impurities of water and makes it pure and clean. It removes PCBs, chlorine by-products, lead, radon, pesticides, parasites, & herbicides, some levels of bacteria and a small number of pharmaceuticals.
This kind of filtering system also helps in avoiding bad tastes including chlorine. Hence, before you buy any filtering system for your home, make sure you keep in mind the different benefits of the activated carbon filter.
The filtering system of the distiller is very simple. To purify the water, it includes processing through boiling and condensing. Using this method, you can remove cadmium, chromium, heavy metals, copper, mercury, arsenic, microbes, barium, fluoride, selenium, sodium, lead, and mercury.
However, the main roadblock of distiller water filtering system is that it consumes high electricity and it also requires regular cleaning. If these features of this system don’t suit you, then you should avoid buying this kind of system.
3. Reverse Osmosis (RO) Water Filters
Reverse Osmosis (RO) water filtering system is the system which combined with carbon filters. This filtering system becomes very effective when you want to remove inorganic chemicals from the water. RO water filters can remove sulfate, fluorides, heavy metals, industrial chemicals, chlorides and pharmaceuticals, chlorine by-products, parasites Cryptosporidium & Guardia, and pollutants like barium, arsenic, nitrate, and selenium.
This filtering system is used for under the sink units and with the combination of a carbon filter or Ultraviolet disinfection unit. However, the main disadvantage of this system is that it wastes around 9 gallons of water for 1-gallon filtration.
4. Ultraviolet (UV) disinfection
Ultraviolet (UV) Water Purifiers kills bacteria and viruses from water. However, this type of filtering system is not effective against chemical pollutants and cysts & spores. It can also be combined with carbon filters to kill bacteria from the water more effectively.
Types of Water Filters
Water filters are of different types. To select the right water filter for you, first, you need to understand different kinds of water filters available and then, select the right one. Here are different types of water filters:
1. Countertop Water Filters
Countertop water filters are generally used in places where there is only a need for temporary filtration. They are also used in homes and in small apartments. Like many other water filters, countertop water filters are very easy to install. So, if you want a water filtering system temporarily (for vacation home) countertop water filter could be the right choice for you.
2. Portable Water Filters
Portable water filters are designed in such a manner that you can carry them wherever you want. They are designed especially for campers, hikers, adventurers, and trailers. This water filtering helps you when you find difficulty in getting filtered water outdoor. So, if you are an outdoor person or adventurer who finds difficulty in getting filtered water, this water filter is perfect for you.
3. Faucet Water Filters
Faucet water filter would be one of the best and inexpensive types of water filters. In faucet water filtering, the water is being treated before water gushes out. Hence, this type of filtering becomes inexpensive and consumes no time. However, this filtering cannot remove and filter out many bacteria.
4. Shower Water Filters
As the name suggests, shower water filters are used in bathrooms. The purpose of shower water filters is to keep skin and hair healthy hence to avoid skin diseases and infections. Without a shower filter at your bathroom, chlorine gas can be very dangerous for your health. Hence, the shower water filter can help you in keeping your skin and hair healthy.
5. Refrigerator Water Filters
There are many refrigerator companies in the market that already started providing refrigerator water filtering in their new models. This type of water filters uses advanced technology to avoid harmful toxins from water and ice cubes. The technology use ceramic, carbon resin or ion exchange filtration.
6. Under-sink Water Filters
This type of water filter is also known as under counter filters. Under sink water filters can be installed when you have sufficient space available in bathroom and kitchen sinks. The under sink water filter becomes effective when you want to install a water filter for permanent or for long-term.
7. Whole House Water Filters
Whole House water filters ensure pure and chemical free water from every faucet of the house. This kind of water filters is highly recommended if you have your own home. Hence, here in this type of filter, you don’t have to worry about using water from the faucet which has a water filter installed, as every faucet will provide filtered water.
Selection of the right water filtering system is very important and to select the right one, you need to understand different types of water filters and water filtering systems available in the market. By understanding this, you will get a basic idea about your requirement and you can choose the right filtering system for your home.